Author: Philip Tibbetts.
Rationale: The central black hoop recalls the distinctive 'Black Belt' of fertile soil that runs through the middle of the state. This is on a field of red, the official state colour. Along the black hoop is charged a white cotton flower which recall not only the industry and nickname of 'The Cotton State' but the origins of the name Alabama as 'a place cleared for cultivation'.
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The current flag of Alabama was adopted by the state legislature on February 16, 1895...