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The flag of Mexico (Spanish: Bandera de México) is a verticalof green, white, and red with charged in the center of the white stripe. While the meaning of the colors has changed over time, these three colors were adopted by Mexico following independence from Spain during the country's , and subsequent . The current flag was adopted in 1968, but the overall design has been used since 1821, when the First National Flag was created.
Red, white, and green are the colors of the national liberation army in Mexico. The central emblem is the Aztec pictogram for Mexico City), the center of the Aztec empire. It recalls the legend that inspired the Aztecs to settle on what was originally a lake-island. The form of the coat of arms was most recently revised in 1968. A ribbon in the national colors is at the bottom of the coat of arms. Throughout history, the flag has changed several times, as the design of the coat of arms and the length-width ratios of the flag have been modified. However, the coat of arms has had the same features throughout: an , holding a in its talon, is perched on top of a cactus; the cactus is situated on a rock that rises above a lake. The coat of arms is derived from an Aztec legend that their gods told them to build a city where they spot an eagle on a eating a serpent, which is now Mexico City. The current national flag is also used as the Mexican naval ensign by ships registered in Mexico.(now