The flag of the Mexican state flags, the coat of arms centered on a white field.is, like most current
The three fields of the state coat of arms each symbolize a part of the state motto Patria, Libertad, Trabajo y Cultura ("Homeland, Liberty, Work and Culture"):
- Homeland: The upper section of the shield shows the volcano, the in , and a human figure representing the original toponym of the state's capital .
- Liberty: Represented in the upper sinister section of the shield by a cannon in front of a mountain with two crosses on it, referring to the 1810 , part of the Mexican war for independence.
- Work and culture: Represented in the bottom section, which contains elements that refer to the toponym of Mexico, which gave name to the state and the country. Also represented are agriculture and the production of corn. An open book for knowledge is shown, with over it a gear, a sickle, a shovel and a flask, tools of human endeavour.
The shield has a red border with the words "Libertad Trabajo Cultura" and eighteen bees, symbolizing the state's 18 districts. The is shown in a circle at the top.